The ICAR-National Research Centre for Grapes under Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), New Delhi was established on 18th January 1997 at Manjri, Pune, with the following mandate
Based on this mandate the research is conducted with the following objectives:
To collect, characterize, evaluate and catalogue Vitis germplasm
To maintain core field germplasm with wide genetic base
To develop varieties with economically important traits for table, wine, raisins and juice.
To develop appropriate and economically viable agro techniques for quality grape production
To sustain the productivity and quality through management of biotic and abiotic stresses
To develop technologies with minimal dependence on agro chemical inputs
To develop appropriate pre and post harvest technologies for extended shelf-life and processing into value added products
To develop strategic alliances for research and transfer of technologies
For this the following five research programmes have been identified in Vision 2050
Climate resilient viticulture
Plant health and vineyard ecosystem management
Value Addition and new generation products
Mechanisation for grape production
Brief history of the Centre
The grape growers of India were among the first to form a cohesive non-political, non-racial and non-religious group for sharing the knowledge and for garnering technical and administrative support for the grape industry in all facets of grape production, processing and marketing. Owing to several problems faced by grape growers with respect to grape production and to get their problems solved, the group approached the Indian Council of Agricultural Research to establish a dedicated research unit for working on grapes. Thus after due deliberation on the research needs of grape growers and the grape industry and also to address the future challenges and opportunities, the Indian Council of Agricultural Research approved the establishment of National Research Centre for Grapes vide sanction letter No.1 (2)/92-PI&M (Part-III) dated 16 September, 1993.
The then Director General of ICAR, Dr. R. S. Paroda and Deputy Director General of Horticultural Division, Dr. K. L. Chadha, played a very important role in the establishment of the Centre. They were ably assisted by Dr. S.P. Ghosh, then Assistant Director General of Horticultural Division and Dr. S. D. Shikhamany, Head, Division of Fruit Crops, I.I.H.R., Bangalore, Officer on Special Duty, Indian Institute of Horticultural Research, Bangalore.
Selecting the location of the Centre
After due consideration of the soil profile characteristics, climatic factors, proximity to other research and development institutes and nearness to commercial vineyards, of the land offered by the states of Maharashtra, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh; the ICAR selected the land offered by the Government of Maharashtra at Manjri on Pune-Solapur Road for establishment of the Centre.
Acquiring the land
The official decision to hand over the land by the Vice-Chancellor; MPKV to DG, ICAR was announced on 18th January 1997. However, it was later realized that the selected piece of land belonged to the Maharashtra State forest department even though there was no forest cover. Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth (MPKV), Rahuri, facilitated the lease by handing over an equal area of land near Nagpur to the Forest department for which, the ICAR bore the cost of afforestation. The ICAR and NRC for Grapes will be always indebted to the grape growers, State Department of Agriculture and MPKV, Rahuri for their help for its initial establishment. The actual land measuring 46.78 ha was leased to ICAR-NRC Grapes on 29th January, 1998. To commemorate its birth, ICAR-NRC Grapes, Pune celebrates 18th of January as its “Foundation Day”.
The Centre initially started functioning from the newly constructed R & D premises of the Maharashtra State Grape Growers’ Association (MSGGA) which is adjoining to the site selected and also utilized the newly established vineyards of MSGGA for carrying out small scale research experiments.
Director and Staff
Dr. S.D. Shikhamany, Principal Scientist, Division of Fruit Crops, I.I.H.R., Bangalore, was appointed as the Officer on Special Duty on 22nd Oct, 1996. During December 1996, the first batch of scientific staff was posted to the Centre. In February 1997, recruitment was made for administrative and technical staff. On 25th February, 1997 Dr. S.D. Shikhamany joined as regular Director of the Centre. He completed his tenure on 25.07.2002 and Dr. P. G. Adsule took over the reins, first as Director (acting), and then as regular Director on 26.04.2005.
Formulation of Research Plan
In May 1997, the first Staff Research Council meeting was conducted under the Chairmanship of Dr. S. P. Ghosh, DDG (Hort.), ICAR and short-term Research Projects were formulated to tackle some of the then major problems faced by the grape industry. A group discussion was arranged with representatives of Maharashtra State Grape Growers Association; officials of State Horticulture Department; Scientists of MPKV, Rahuri and Agharkar Research Institute, Pune; to identify and prioritize the research needs of the grape industry.
The first Research Advisory Committee meeting was held in 1998 under chairmanship of Dr. J.C. Bakhshi, Ex-Vice Chancellor, RAU, Bihar, with the Dr. U.V. Sulladhmath, Ex-Prof. of Horticulture, UAS, Bangalore, Dr. R. Jayarajan, Ex-Prof. of Plant Pathology, TNAU, Coimbatore, Sh. C. Venkata Reddy, Sh. K. Nageshwara Rao and Sh. V.D. Patil, progressive grape growers from A.P. and Karnataka helped in guiding the research plan. Dr. Indu S. Sawant was the Member Secretary of this committee. Planting was done in five acre area to raise experimental plots, while need based research was carried out in growers’ vineyards.
Important milestones in the Centre’s growth
The Centre is located at Manjri, Pune at 559 m above mean sea level on Pune-Hyderabad National Highway No.9, commonly known as Solapur Road. It is located 5 km from Hadapsar (Gadital), 15 km from Pune Railway Station, 16 km from Swargate Bus Stand and 21 km from the Airport.